Assessments play a decisive role in determining the impact of a crisis, identifying needs and formulating response strategies. The Shelter Cluster has actively been involved in supporting Multi-Sector Initial Rapid Assessments through a joint assessment working group led by OCHA and NDMA. In the past, the Shelter Cluster has also steered the TSSU and the evacuation sites assessments in Pakistan.

Temporary Settlement Support Unit (TSSU)

The Temporary Settlement Support Unit (TSSU) assessment captures information related to the displacement/movement of affected populations and their multi-sector needs in temporary settlements. TSSU also incorporates a capacity building component that aims to develop the knowledge of various stakeholders; the Government of Pakistan, the UN along with various other international and national NGOs, who are involved in managing temporary settlements.

External Assessments

Multi-sector Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA)

As a member of the Assessment Working Group and the Assessment Technical Team the Shelter Cluster has been actively involved in the development and deployment of the MIRA process. The Multi-sector Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) has been devised to ascertain strategic humanitarian objectives after the onset of any natural disaster. As a joint initiative it ensures consistency and coherence in the data collection process and serves as an approved tool to identify priority areas, priority needs and response strategies.

IDP Vulnerability Assessment and Profiling (IVAP)

IVAP – Internally Displaced Person (IDP) Vulnerability Assessment & Profiling – provides some of the most up-to-date data on off camp conflict-IDPs in northwest Pakistan. The project was initiated in 2010 to fill tthe information gap regarding the situation of the conflict-displaced population. Specifically, IVAP implements a multi-cluster assessment to gather information on the location and needs of IDPs, their breakdown by gender and age, their need for WASH, shelter, food, health and other kinds of support. The data is widely used by the humanitarian community in Pakistan to enable an informed response based on the established location and needs of these families, thus ensuring assistance is appropriately targeted. 

Community Coping Capacity after Disasters (CCCD)

This study, conducted during June 2014, provides an overview of how communities  from  Kashmore, Qambar Shadadkot, Jacobabad and Shikarpur the four most affected districts in northern Sindh following the 2012 floods recover after flooding, the challenges they face and the coping strategies they employ. Throughout the study there was a particular emphasis on shelter reconstruction as part of the recovery process, though questions about protection, health, food security, education and water, sanitation and hygiene were also included in the data collection to provide a broader view of assistance and recovery.