Landownership, Migration, and Reconstruction

 Project Title: Catholic Relief Services/PREPARED Shelter Project

Organization: Catholic Relief Services /PREPARED

Area of Implementation: Union Council Kot Jango , Tehsil Thul, District Jacobabad

Case Study: Transitional Shelter Beneficiary Household: Landownership, Migration, and Reconstruction.


Fahad is a 52-year-old farmer who lives with his wife and 11 children (08 boys and 03 girls) in UC Kot Jango. In 2013, Fahad’s household was selected as one of the OFDA CRS Transitional Shelter Project beneficiaries in UC Karim Bux, district Jacobabad. By June 2014, Fahd was able to purchase a small plot of land in UC Kot Jango and construct a new shelter for himself and his family.

Initially, Fahad and his family were living in a small village in UC Karim Bux of District Jacobabad. The village they lived in was severely affected by the 2010 and 2012 floods. The floods washed away houses, destroyed agriculture, livestock, household assets, personal belongings and left the community without any means to rebuild their lives.

“After the 2010 flood, we were affected severely a second time from the 2012 flood.  It impacted our life badly and we had to bear again losses from the flood. We lost our house, agriculture crop, stored grains and other items of daily use”.


Fahad and his family in front of their reconstructed shelter in UC Kot Jango

Catholic Relief Services (CRS) targeted Fahad’s village in UC Karim Bux for OFDA-funded shelter support in February 2013. Fahad and his family were living in a hut when CRS first came to the village, and therefore they were eligible to receive technical support and materials to rebuild their home. Fahad was registered as a shelter beneficiary household, and he received shelter material, skilled labor support for construction and he was able to complete his transitional shelter for his family.

 After the floods, Fahad shared that, “I was poor and cultivating a small piece of land before the floods. After the flooding, we lost our agricultural crop and I had no choice but to send my elder sons to cities for daily labour wage”. After the floodwaters receded, Fahad cultivated the land and had a good yield. After one and a half years Fahad was able to save income and by June 2014 he purchased a small piece of land on nominal rates in UC Kot Jango to shift his family.

 Fahad participated in shelter training sessions in UC Karim Bux where he acquired knowledge on shelter construction and dismantling. With the support of his family members, the shelter was dismantled and moved from UC Karim Bux to UC Kot Jango in district Jacobabad in June 2014. Fahad stated that he, “completely dismantled the shelter with the help of my wife and children in two days”. 

In his new village, Fahad now owns his own plot of land and has selected a safe site to construct the shelter. Before construction, Fahad consulted with CRS trained skilled labour on the design and construction of the shelter. Utilizing his training in DRR, Fahad even raised the plinth higher than the ground as a protective measure from future floods. He said, “even though I can construct this shelter on my own, rained skilled labor are not only readily available at nominal rates (PKR 1,000 per shelter) but they do a very professional job.” Within one day a skilled mason erected the core structure and two days later Fahad and his family were able to complete the shelter mud plastering.

With the final construction of his new home, Fahad and his family are now very happy and satisfied. “I am happy because I am now the owner of a small piece of land and can live without the tension of needing to migrate. The shelter has provided me safety, security and  privacy and can easily be dismantled and reconstructed without any difficulty”.