The Shelter Approach

In any emergency, shelter support is crucial to survival along with the provision of food and other services such as WASH and healthcare. Adequate shelter support is imperative in reducing vulnerability and building better resilience.

As the national cluster lead, IOM Pakistan aims to harmonize the efforts of donors, government authorities, UN agencies, I-NGOs and NGOs regarding all aspects of shelter response. Shelter Cluster facilitates decision making in all stages of shelter and NFI activities through a participatory approach that confers ownership, legitimacy and applicability to the activities while maximizing participation within the constraints of the emergency situation.

SC Objectives

SC Activities

Coordination with all stakeholders

Conduct regular meetings with shelter cluster partners, donors as well as local, provincial and national government bodies;
Provide feedback on areas of intervention to avoid duplication in the distribution of shelter and NFIs.

Planning and strategy development


Hold SAG meetings  on issues relevant to the SC partners;
Develop agreed response strategies for emergency, transitional and early recovery phases.

Providing Technical assistance

Hold TWIG meetings to discuss and resolve technical issues relevant to cluster members;
Promote region specific technical guidelines to provide safe and dignified shelters.

Identification of gaps and needs

Conduct TSSU assessments to identify needs;
Track the shelter activities of cluster partners using the 3W tool;
Conduct UC ranking based on the data collected from field assessment, data from local NGOs as well as other sources such inter agency rapid assessments;
Communicate cluster activities through newsletters, situation reports and maps.

Advocacy and Resource Mobilization

Advocate for donors to fund Shelter Cluster members to carry out priority activities, while at the same time encouraging participants to mobilize resources for their activities through their usual channels;
Promote and support training of humanitarian personnel and capacity building of the national authorities and civil society at national, provincial and district levels.

Application of Standards and Guidelines

Promote the use of IASC guidelines, Sphere Standards etc;
Ensure the dissemination of Beneficiary Selection Criteria, ER guidelines and technical guidelines.